[Setools] [Ann] Logging updated
keith_hodges at yahoo.co.uk
Tue Dec 2 06:07:49 UTC 2008
The logging front end to the 3 logging frameworks has been refactored
and simplified. In the process it has
become much more powerful.
Output Adapters, and AdapterSets: You can now "easily" set up as many
output adapters as you like on any or all processes, each with different
filters etc. Processes can share sets of adaptors.
Lots of different output adapters are supported:
Logging Frameworks: LogEngine, SimpleLog, Toothpick(not ready yet)
Also direct support for: Transcript, nil, SLLogMorph, SLLogWatchDog
(email), SLSyslogSender, SLLogFile
New Feature: LogHistory.
This adapter logs a given number of messages to memory. Then when you
connect another adapter, it outputs the history to the new adapter. Thus
giving you fast logging to memory, but still allowing you to catch up
with a hard copy if you need it. It will only be a matter of time before
we have an automatic, "when a big error occurs dump the in memory logs
to a file" feature.
If you are using Rio or Logging, please join the
setools at lists.squeakfoundation.org list and put your feedback there or
find me on irc #squeak.
Installer mantis ensureFix: '7219 Streams readability'.
Installer squeaksource project: 'Logging'; install: 'Logging'.
Installer squeaksource project: 'Logging'; install: 'SimpleLog'.
LogCurrent the class is also a ProcessSpecific variable that returns an
different instance of LogCurrent for each process. Each of these
maintains a buffer for that process's log output.
Users use 'self log' to obtain a LogCurrent buffer instance for the
current process from 'LogCurrent value'. Since LogCurrent buffers are
per-process they are threadsafe, and can maintain state between calls
(self log properties).
Each LogCurrent instance maintains a stream (on its buffer) and provides
the users front end interface for convenient logging.
Each LogCurrent instance maintains an adapter, when a log line is
completed (#endEntry), the line is sent to the adapter, the adapter
being the backend interface.
The adapter may be any class that implements #logTime: stamp line: line
level: level category: category sender: sender pid: pid
The adapter may also be a LogAdapterSet, in which case, the line is sent
to each adapter contained in the set in turn. LogAdapterSets may be used
to allow a number of processes to share the same set of adapters.
LogAdapterSets may be arbitrarily nested, and may define a filterBlock.
e.g. self filterBlock: [ :level :category | #(#error #debug #info)
includes: level ]. AdapterSet may be subclassed if more specific
filtering behaviour is required.
Any changes to LogAdapterSets anywhere are protected by a single
Semaphore, but use of adapters for output is protected instead by using
a safer implementation of #do: to iterate over the set should an adapter
be removed by a different thread.
All processes that do not have a LogCurrent instance defined will copy
the default LogCurrent instance, and will therefore share the same
adapter/adapterset as the default.
When you assign a bespoke LogCurrent instance to a specific process, it
is up to you to set its adapter. It can include the global
adapter/adapterset, nested within the new set you give it.
Additional logging utilities and tools may be defined by subclassing
LogCurrent. LogAdapterSet may be subclassed to provide more interesting
filtering behaviour. And individual Adapters may also be configured or
subclassed as desired.
1) LogHistory e.g. LogHistory size: 20.
If the LogHistory adapter is present in a LogAdapterSet, then any new
adapters added to that set have the recorded history sent to them
immediately. Only one LogHistory adapter per set is allowed.
2) Blocks, LogAdapterSet may contain a block which returns a real adaper
or nil. This enables adapters to be written to if enabled, or ignored if
not available (see SLLogMorph below).
3) Transcript - the standard Transcript is used, and the line is output
in one hit within the Transcripts own protection semaphore.
4) LogEngine e.g. LogEngine for: 'seaside'.
This adapter is for the LogEngine backend.
This adapter is for the SimpleLog backend.
This adapter is for the Toothpick backend. (Not yet supported)
Direct to 'SimpleLog' Components
7) SLSyslogSender e,g, SLSyslogSender new addHost: 'log.somewhere.else'.
or SLSyslogSender localhost.
8) SLLogWatchdog e.g. SLLogWatchdog default.
Emails log entries over the given threshold
9) SLLogMorph e.g. [ SLLogMorph current ].
The block will be evaluated for every log entry. Therefore this construct
will only write to LogMorph if it is open.
10) SLLogFile named: 'current.log'.
Subclass and override #output*, or add #output* methods for additional
file output formats.
Or use (SLLogFile named: 'custom.log') output: [ :entry | entry stamp,
'-', entry line ]
To change the global, or local LogCurrent instance
LogCurrent default: MyLogBuffer new
LogCurrent value: MyLogBuffer new
To change the global adapters:
LogCurrent default adapter: (LogAdapterSet with: Transcript).
LogCurrent default adapter add: (LogHistory size: 20).
To change the local adapter, logging to the current global adapters, and
the local transcript, with a custom policy.
newLog := MyOwnLogCurrent new.
newLog adapter: (LogAdapterSet with: (LogCurrent default adapter) with:
LogCurrent value: newLog.
Usable LogCurrent instance is returned from <code>self log<code> in
whatever context it is used. The buffer is instanciated on a per process
basis, therefore I am threadsafe already, and can reuse my buffers and
maintain state as we progress through the code which we are logging.
Unusually for a logging framework this allows us to perform timing tasks
for our clients. If the code forks then a new buffer instance will
handle the new forked process.
For timing use:
= self log timeTotal: #eventA.
= self log timeDelta: #eventB.
Convenient usage: 'annotated values'
This uses the logging level defined by LogRouter-temp, and is considered
a temporary log message for debugging purposes. For temporary log
messages the specific level is rarely important. There is by default a
global preference for disabling temporary log level messages. Of course
your subclasses can override this behaviour.
= self log x: 10 y: 20 z: 30.
To select a specific log severity level (i.e. not the temporary one
= self log info x: 10 y: 20 z: 30.
To log the current method's input parameters.
Rectangle-#corner: topLeftPoint extent: heightWidthPoint
= self log debug this.
would be the same as
= self log corner: topLeftPoint extent: heightWidthPoint.
To log the current methods variables:
= self log debug it instance.
= self log debug it temps.
= self log debug it classVar.
= self class log debug it instance.
= self log debug vars all.
Levels of detail:
When logging it is useful to be able to specify easily the level of
detail that we desire from the items we are given.
Here we define 4 levels of detail.
1. Annotated values: the data points are simple values intended to be
displayed on one line.
the method selector is used to annotate the vaues for readability.
= self log info r: 20 theta: 0.5.
2. Verbatim: Stream to the Log
= (self log info << 'User Directory:' << aFilePath) write.
3. Detailed: human readable presentation: A detailed presentation of the
objects internal state intended for human readability.
The detail printed is based upon the object's explorer contents, as
defined in #logDetailedOn:
= self log info detailed: myDictionary.
4. Data Dumper: A machine readable serialized text format.
The format printed is defined in #logDumperOn:
For those perl coders out there who really like being able to
recreate their data from logs!
= self log info dumper: myTransaction.
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