Add to a collection

Janet Abdul-Karim jn_karim at
Tue Feb 4 03:07:31 UTC 2003

I have made an instance instead of inheritence.  when i try to print using transcript show it display all the objects only the last one.  Is there a way for me to return every single object in the instance using transcript show:
 "Richard A. O'Keefe" <ok at> wrote:Janet Abdul-Karim wrote:
I created a subclass to ordered collections.

Unless you are inventing a new kind of collection data structure,
you probably don't want to do that.

We could have hours of fun debating whether a portfolio
*is* a collection of accounts or *has* a collection of
accounts, but the simplest way to look at it may be this:
If your class INHERITS from Collection, then
(a) you have the obligation to make sure that all of the methods
in the interface of Collection WORK for your class, or are
explicitly cancelled. Collection is pretty big in Squeak,
you probably don't want to do that.
(b) you inherit EVERYTHING from Collection, including methods
that change the object in ways you probably don't want to

I am trying to add objects to the new class

Presumably you mean "add objects to AN INSTANCE OF the new class".

and then print it to make sure they are in there.


I add one object it prints but when I add another object and
print it only prints the first object i added

sample code to add to list.

account: aAccount
"Add an account to the portfolio"

self isNil ifTrue:[self add: aAccount]
ifFalse:[ self addLast: aAccount].

The only object for which 'self isNil' can ever be true is nil.
nil is the unique instance of UndefinedObject.
nil is NOT an instance of your class.
Your code can be simplified to

addAccount: anAccount
self addLast: anAccount.

code to print list. 

"Returns the accounts for the portfolio"

self do:[:element|^element number].

(1) That code doesn't print anything.
(2) Did you notice that little caret in there?
What your code says is
"For each element in myself
RETURN the element's number STRAIGHT AWAY RIGHT NOW!
(and don't look at any other elements)."

This is almost the same as
^self first number

Change the code to

"Answer the account numbers of all the accounts
in the portfolio."
^self collect: [:each | each number]

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